Kassel, Germany

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city: 204,344

Land area

107 km2

Population density

1910 inhabitants/km2

Kassel is located in the very middle of Germany and represents the economic, cultural and social center of the northern part of the Federal State of Hesse. The city itself has almost 200,000 inhabitants, while the larger agglomeration counts up to 450,000 people. Kassel hosts several important companies, notably in the transportation industry, and has an active cluster in renewable energies. The city is furthermore well known for its cultural institutions and festivals, among these the famous art exhibition ‘documenta’ taking place every 5 years.

Owing to its central geographical location, the city is easily accessible by different modes of transport. A newly built regional airport is located to the north of the city. Furthermore, three highways as well as an important high speed train connection cross the city. The city area is served by seven tram lines, as well as a light rail network called RegioTram, which runs on both tram and regular railway tracks, thereby connecting the inner city area with the surrounding hinterland. Furthermore, the local public transport system is complemented by several bus lines.

Kassel has recently adopted its new transport development plan (VEP 2030) which replaces the old planning framework dating from the year 1990. It seeks to serve as a strategic basis for transport and mobility planning throughout the next 15 to 20 years. It focuses on a comprehensive view in which an integrated mobility strategy is to be developed for every single mode of transport. The plan also takes into consideration other fields of action such as residential development, transport safety, multimodal transport and cultures of mobility. The latter comprises, for example, awareness raising campaigns, events and consulting services designed to change people’s attitudes towards mobility and their choices of transport modes. Regarding sustainable mobility, especially cycling was already successfully promoted by implementing the bike sharing system “Konrad” in 2012 as part of the Germany-wide bike sharing system of the Deutsche Bahn (German Railways). With the new transport development plan, bike transport is supposed to be maintained as well as extended by new routes and services. The aim is to raise the share of cycling in the modal split from currently 7 percent to 11-14 percent in 2030. Furthermore, carsharing is going to be extended and to be made easily accessible by an intermodal user card.

Modal Split

Year 2008


Sonderauswertung zur Verkehrserhebung ,Mobilität in Städten – SrV 2008‘ Städtevergleich Dresden, im November 2009

Survey method:

Representative household surveyone due date per household (Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday).all HH-members PAPI (paper and pencil interview), CATI (computer aided telephone interview)and CAWI (computer aided web interview).



Population (2008)



Contact person for Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning

Lore Renner

Telephone: +49 561 787 3056
Email: deLore.Rennerkassel
City website:http://www.kassel.de

Status of the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan

Available here (German)

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