Hannover (Region), Germany

Image of the city


agglomeration: 1,119,526
city: 546,079

Land area

2291 km2

Population density

489 inhabitants/km2

Hannover is the capital of the Federal State of Lower Saxony and the center of the regional association “Region Hannover” which emerged as a new administrative unit out of the fusion of various territorial entities in 2001. The city is not only the political center of Lower Saxony, but also a hub for international fairs. Thus, it is endowed with an airport, excellent high-speed train connections as well as links to important German highways. In order to reduce emissions from individual transport, Hannover was the first city in Lower Saxony to implement an environmental zone in 2008. As a consequence, the city could always comply with the critical values for fine dust emissions ever since. Comparing the current modal split data with earlier ones, a strong increase in public and bicycle transport can be noted. This is also facilitated by the dense public transport network, comprising nine suburban train lines, 12 tram lines and more than 150 bus lines.

In 2011, a larger scaled SUMP was adopted by the Region Hannover with the major aim to reduce CO2 emissions until 2020 as it is part of the regional climate protection program. The so-called “VEP pro Klima” was elaborated by the administrative staff of the region in cooperation with local authorities of the City of Hannover and the surrounding municipalities. It is supposed to be the foundation for the elaboration of a new regional public transport plan as well as a regional development strategy. However, it is as well strongly interwoven with the the local SUMP of the City of Hannover which was adopted in 2011. The local SUMP for Hannover provides perspectives for transport and mobility until 2025 for the city, including an integrated action plan with several focuses (including, for example, the promotion of bicycle transport, the improvement of the transport situation in the inner city, a better mobility management and measures for transport safety).

On the regional level, the “VEP pro Klima” defines four fields of action for implementing specific projects: settlement development including a scheme for pedestrian and regional bicycle transport, transport management/ parking, public transport (including improved headways and pricing schemes) and mobility management (comprising e-mobility and car-sharing). The scheme states that in regional passenger traffic, CO2 emissions could be reduced by 40% in 2020. However, this goal is also connected to other political objectives such as improving the quality of life and fostering economic competitiveness as well as cooperation between regional and local authorities. The latter concerns especially the field of settlement development, which continues to be under the sovereignity of local authorities, but is vital for the coordination of regional measures. The regional SUMP is complemented by a regional cycling strategy, which develops measures in order to increase the share of cycling in the model split from 12% to 18% within the next years. It combines investments in infrastructure with measures to make cycling safer, to improve intermodality and raise public awareness. The region elaborated a concept for environment-friendly commercial traffic as well.

Modal Split

Year 2011



Survey method:

MiR 2011 - Region Hannover



Population (2011)


Car driver
Car passenger

Contact person for Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning

Tanja Göbler

Telephone: +49 511 616 23 409
Email: detanja.goeblerregion-hannover
City website:http://www.region-hannover.de
Political representative: Hauke Jagau, President of the Region Hannover

Participation in previous and current EU transport related projects

Status of the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan

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