München, Germany

Image of the city

Population

agglomeration: 2,900,000
city: 1,539,298

Land area

311 km2

Population density

4954 inhabitants/km2


Munich is the capital of the Federal State of Bavaria and the third largest city in Germany. With nearly 5000 inhabitants per square kilometre, Munich is also the most densely populated city in Germany. The city is an important economic hub and hosts a lot of cultural institutions and sites. Munich is home of the second largest German airport and has a good accessibility by railway. Apart from national train connections, international connections to France, the Netherlands, Austria, Italy, Switzerland, the Czech Republic and Hungary are available. The city is also linked to several important highways. The public transport network of the city is well endowed with 95 kilometres of underground lines, 82 kilometres of tram lines and 495 kilometres of bus lines which are all organized under the Munich transport and tariff association (MVV).
To improve the air quality, Munich implemented an environmental zone in 2008. The infrastructure for bike transport is very advanced nowadays as 10 million € are invested every year for improving and expanding the bike infrastructure. This infrastructure also includes many bike-and-ride-facilities and a dense network of cycling routes. These policies have a long tradition since the municipality started developing transport development plans especially dedicated to cycling as early as 1986. The goal to increase the amount of cyclists to 17% by 2015 was already accomplished in 2011, which shows the popularity of this means of transport. In 2018, Munich concluded to update the bicycle development plan from 2009 with new measures and goals, including a further increase of the ways covered by bike to 21% by 2025. Today, Munich ranks among the cities with the highest share of bicycle transport in Germany.
The current transport development plan was established in 2006 and it includes perspectives for parking (e.g. increasing the number of park and ride facilities), cycling (e.g. expanding the bicycle network), pedestrian transport, (regional) mobility management, but also takes into account fields such as settlement development and soft measures, e.g. establishing a new culture of mobility. In 2018, it was decided to develop this plan further to a mobility plan, taking into account new means of transport.

Modal Split

24
18
24
24
10
Year 2017

Source:

MiD

Year

2017

PT
Walk
Bike
Car driver
Car passenger
28
14
21
27
10
Year 2008

Source:

: http://www.muenchen.de/rathaus/dms/Home/Stadtverwaltung/Referat-fuer-Stadtplanung-und-Bauordnung/stadtentwicklung/verkehrsplanung/broschuere_MiD.pdf

Survey method:

MiD 2008

Year

2008

PT
Walk
Bike
Car driver
Car passenger
28
14
21
27
10
Year 2008
24
18
24
24
10
Year 2017
PT
Walk
Bike
Car driver
Car passenger

Contact person for Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning

Georg Dunkel

Telephone: +49 (0)89 233 225 73
Email: deplan.ha1-3muenchen
City website:http://www.muenchen.de
Political representative: Dieter Reiter , Mayor

Participation in previous and current EU transport related projects

Status of the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan

Interested in SUMP

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