Flensburg, Germany

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city: 96,204

Land area

57 km2

Population density

1696 inhabitants/km2

Flensburg is the northernmost county-free city in Germany and is located directly on the German-Danish border. The townscape is characterised by the harbour and the Flensburger Förde.

Due to the close interconnections between Flensburg and the surrounding area including the southern Danish area, Flensburg fulfils the function of an regional centre and registers high commuter flows (22,000 daily commuters) as well as cross-border tourist and shopping traffic. Of greater importance for the regional centre are the pronounced border tourism, the Flensburg harbour with its historic harbour and the shipyard of the Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft mbH & Co. KG (FSG) and the University and European University of Flensburg.

In its function as a regional centre, administrative city and university site, Flensburg's economic structure is characterised by the public and private service sector, which employs around 50% of the workforce. The economy benefits from border trade and the export of goods and services to neighbouring Denmark.

A first overall traffic framework plan was drawn up with the general traffic plan "Verkehrskonzept 90" (GVP) in 1990. Following a critical examination of the objectives of the "Verkehrskonzept '90" and the resulting conflicts, policymakers decided at the beginning of 2001 to continue a mobility programme as a framework for transport planning. The mobility programme as a further plan (last update in 2003) attempted to consider and further develop all modes of transport and areas of mobility equally with a qualitative approach.

The city has already joined as a Master Plan municipality within the framework of the Master Plan 100% Climate Protection funding programme and has drawn up an integrated climate protection concept. Almost 25 years after the "Verkehrskonzept '90", a new adjustment of the traffic concept and the overall traffic planning took place. The development of an SUMP is also intended to help achieve the goals anchored in the climate protection concepts of the city of Flensburg. In 2018, the city finally published the SUMP "Masterplan Mobilität 2030" in order to create a comprehensive plan that takes into account the complex and changing requirements of transport development planning. In addition, a municipal electromobility concept was developed for the city of Flensburg in the same year.

Modal Split

Year 2011


SHP Ingenieure

Survey method:

Household survey




Contact person for Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning

Joachim Kaulbars

Telephone: +49 461 85 2431
Email: dekaulbars.joachimflensburg
City website:http://www.flensburg.de
Political representative: Simone Lange, Mayor

Participation in previous and current EU transport related projects

  • Grenztrafik (2000 - 2006)   (show/hide more information)
    The aim of the project was to make the very different public transport systems on both sides of the border of Denmark und Germany compatible in order to enable the development of a cross-border local transport plan and the implementation of additional express bus lines in the region.
  • Radeln ohne Grenzen - Cykler uden grænser (2009 - 2011)   (show/hide more information)
    The project aims to promote cycling in the 6 Danish and German cities in the Southern Denmark region of Schleswig-K.E.R.N. and to positively influence CO2 emissions, health and traffic problems.

Status of the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan

Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan exists. (Available only in GE, "Masterplan Mobilität 2030" in original language)

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