Köln, Germany

Image of the city

Population

agglomeration: 3,300,000
city: 1,084,795

Land area

405 km2

Population density

2700 inhabitants/km2


Cologne ("Köln" in GE) is the largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth largest city in Germany with 1,084,795 inhabitants. The Cologne/Bonn region is the centre of the conurbation between Cologne Bay and Oberbergisches Land (population of the conurbation: 3.3 million). Cologne is also the population centre of the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region (approx. 10 million inhabitants) and the Rhineland metropolitan region (approx. 8.6 million inhabitants). Cologne is an economic and cultural metropolis of international importance.

Cologne's economy is characterised by a high proportion of service industries (84%) and manufacturing industries (16%). The service sector in Cologne ranks first with a share of just under 52%, followed by the financing and rental sector (23%) and trade/restaurant/transport with 13%. The city is one of the most important sites for the chemical and automotive industries worldwide. The city is known as the centre of carnival and is also home to many public associations and professional sports clubs as well as numerous media companies. In addition, the city is an important congress and trade fair location.

Cologne has always been a conveniently situated city, which in Roman times was equipped with an important port and integrated into the Roman road network. Due to its central location, Cologne is a traffic hub of European importance. The advantageous location on the Rhine with the crossing of important west-east trade routes is of supra-regional importance. The volume of road and rail traffic is among the highest in the whole of Germany in passenger and goods transport. In addition to excellent road and rail connections, Cologne has one of the largest container handling stations in Europe, the Eifeltor railway station. Cologne is also an important port location with four inland ports and an international airport.

The Cologne street system has developed according to the Ring-Radial principle, especially along the left bank of the Rhine in the course of the city expansion. The arterial roads are crossed by a total of five concentrically arranged road rings, some of which trace the old fortifications. A flat topography and the historically compact urban structure ensure that the mobility of the local population is of great importance in inner-city traffic. At its meeting on 9 July 2019, the Council decided on temporary and permanent extensions to the bus and train services. The expansion measures already initiated, such as the "Bahnknoten Köln" and the "Roadmap ÖPNV" with an expansion of the rail lines, are important components in Cologne's mobility development and a major contribution to the change in traffic patterns. As early as 2014, the strategy paper "Köln mobil 2025" set the basis for the planned SUMP. Another focus in the coming years will be on the intelligent networking of the individual modes of transport.

Modal Split

26
18
21
35
Year 2017

Source:

Mobilität in Deutschland

Survey method:

Survey on Mon-Fri, age > 6yrs

Year

2017

PT
Walk
Bike
Car
24
12
21
43
Year 2006

Survey method:

Representative household survey

Year

2006

Population (2006)

989,766

PT
Walk
Bike
Car
24
12
21
35
8
Year 2006

Source:

City of Cologne Office for urban development

Survey method:

paper survey

Year

2006

Population (2006)

1,023,000

PT
Walk
Bike
Car driver
Car passenger
26
12
19
31
11
Year 1999

Source:

Socialdata

Year

1999

Population (1999)

1,000,000

PT
Walk
Bike
Car driver
Motorcycle
Car passenger
26
12
19
31
11
Year 1999
24
12
21
35
8
Year 2006
24
12
21
43
Year 2006
26
18
21
35
Year 2017
PT
Walk
Bike
Car
Car driver
Motorcycle
Car passenger

Contact person for Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning

Christian Dörkes

Telephone: +49 221 221 27808
Email: dechristian.doerkesstadt-koeln
City website:http://www.stadt-koeln.de
Political representative: Henriette Reker, Lord Mayor

Participation in previous and current EU transport related projects

  • GrowSmarter (2015 - 2019)   (show/hide more information)
    The project \"• GrowSmarter - Transforming cities for a smart, sustainable Europe\" will develop innovative solutions for energy management, transport and mobility in urban areas. GrowSmarter is one of the SmartCity projects with which the EU aims to achieve its \"20-20-20\" climate target.
  • Eurocities
  • POLIS

Status of the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan

A SUMP based on the strategy paper "Köln mobil 2025" will be established in the near future.

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