Croatia

Available languages: English

Croatia, as the youngest member of the European Union, has been trailing other countries in terms of sustainable mobility practice. This is mostly due to the shorter period of accessibility to EU funds directed at promoting sustainable mobility than other countries. Even though Croatia is not faced with large transport problems due to low population density, declining population, and a well-developed transport network, there are however problems dealing with the peak transport in the summer months due to a large influx of tourists, mainly in the seaside area of Croatia.
Cities themselves, are experiencing problems with the change of patterns in mobility behaviour where citizens are in favour of motorized transport. Croatia has invested a great deal of funds into the development of a high-speed motorway system, while on the other hand neglecting the public means of transport.

The urban transport planning is not addressed in the major strategic documents in Croatia. Such documents predominantly deal with transport issues at a national and regional level and focus on motorised vehicles and road transport. Therefore, the majority of Croatian cities do not have a comprehensive strategic mobility document that considers all transport modes, including sustainable means of transport. One thing that is especially notable is the lack of experts that have the necessary knowledge and experience in the field of sustainable mobility.

Legal definition: There is no legal definition of a SUMP as a document. The cities in Croatia that have decided to develop SUMPs have used the European guidelines on SUMP development.

National guidance: Since there are no national guidelines on SUMP development or an organised attempt of the official state bodies to support SUMP development, there are non-governmental initiatives that are providing some basic support to local communities. The most recognisable is the Slovenia Croatia Civitas network that is conducting regular seminars and conferences. Also, their website provides a number of documents from different events that can be helpful to Croatian cities.

Plans in place: As a results of the Adria. Move IT project (2011-14, co-financed by the IPA Adriatic Cross-border Cooperation Programme) Croatian cities of Dubrovnik, Umag and Novigrad developed urban mobility plans that are known as the first generation SUMPs in Croatia. The first SUMP that was developed in line with the EU guidelines was the City of Koprivnica’s SUMP (2015). The most recent one, the City of Sisak’s SUMP (2017) was developed with the financial help from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).

Contact point for Croatia:

City of Koprivnica
Nebojša Kalanj
Tel: +385/91-444-6669
Email: nebojsa.kalanj@koprivnica.hr