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The Republic of Ireland has a total population of 4.68 million people. A high proportion - approximately 40% - of these people live in rural areas. The remainder is divided between one large city - Dublin; which accounts for about one-quarter of the total population- and four smaller cities Cork, Limerick, Galway and Waterford. Of these only Dublin, Cork and Limerick have a population exceeding 100,000.

Legal Requirements
There are a number of pieces of legislation and regulations dealing with transportation in Ireland. National guidelines such as; “The Planning and Development Regulations, “The National Spatial Strategy”, “Smarter Travel: A Sustainable Transport Future” set the parameters for planning at a regional and city level.
City transportation policies and plans are included in statutory “Land Use and Transportation Development Plans” which are produced by local government every six years under the Planning and Development legislation.  At present these plans do not formally provide for the use of the SUMP process in any of the cities. They do however reflect many elements of the SUMP approach, including a strong element of consultation. In addition, within the Greater Dublin Area (GDA), the National Transport Authority (http://www.nationaltransport.ie/) is required to publish a Strategic Transport Strategy, an Integrated Implementation Plan and a Strategic Traffic Management Plan. To date the Authority has published a Draft Transport Strategy and an Integrated Implementation Plan provides the framework for a capital and operational investment amounting to almost €900 million. While the Authority has no statutory remit in this regard outside the GDA, it is heavily involved in plans across the country through providing technical assistance and advice to local and regional authorities.
In addition to these statutory plans, the cities outside of Dublin have developed non-statutory land-use and transportation strategies including CLASP in Cork, MWASP in Limerick, GTPS in Galway and PLUTS Waterford.

National Guidance
National guidance is focused on encouraging the use of public transport and cycling as the primary means of achieving a more sustainable and environmentally friendly transportation culture in Ireland. There is, however, no identifiable reference to “Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans” in the guidance.

Sustainability Objective
The sustainability objective of Government in Ireland is demonstrated through the “smarter travel” initiative (www.smartertravel.ie.). This seeks to encourage a switch from car use to public transport and cycling particularly, for those taking short journeys. In addition A Framework for Sustainable Development for Ireland includes sustainable transport as one of its key focuses.

Linked with Finance
There are significant financial constraints on local and city Government in Ireland. Local Government is primarily administrative and is funded by central Government although this is changing somewhat with the re-organisation of Local Government and the introduction of a Local Property Tax. There are, therefore, limited funds available for local officials to engage in innovative mobility measures.

There are no active SUMP process or networks in any Irish cities as yet.

National Contact Point for Ireland

Limerick Institute of Technology
Ciaran Lynch
Tel: + 353 50428101
Email: Ciaran.Lynch@lit.ie